Cellular and/or communication tower project requirements may differ from state to state, but all states require cultural resources background reviews for proposed locations. If conducted early in the process, the data gathered during this review can be used for planning purposes. Regardless of when it is conducted, it is used by the various state cultural resources divisions to ascertain the potential impacts of tower construction and maintenance on archaeological and architectural resources.
Tower investigations are unique in regards to the relatively small area of direct effect; however, regulations do require that the footprint of the proposed tower and proposed access routes be examined for archaeological resources. Native American tribes can also request shovel testing at a proposed tower location. To meet this requirement, ACC conducts shovel
testing at the proposed tower location. When a proposed tower project meets the exclusion criteria, such as when a tower is planned in an industrial park or a tower is simply being replaced or modified, ACC archaeologists can provide clients with an Exclusion Letter to be added to the tower application package.