Features

Fort Huger Archaeological Plan Drawing

Fort Huger 44IW0204 site plan

Feature 601 was situated at the eastern edge of the excavation area.  The debris pile within the feature boundaries had dimensions of 12 by 6 ft and was oriented approximately north/south.  The overall feature dimensions measure approximately 16 by 10 ft and incorporate areas where brick was present on the surface or was identified through subsurface probing.  The areas north and south of the trench were also excavated leaving as much brick in situ as possible.  Upon completion, the brick was removed to search for cultural features below.  Ultimately, a total area of approximately 10 by 20 ft was excavated in Feature 601.  No intact structural remains (i.e., fire box, foundation, post holes, trenches or walls) were identified during the excavations.

A total of 94 artifacts were recovered from the trench in Feature 601.  Nails and other metal objects were the dominant artifacts recovered from the trench.  Only cut nails were identified.  One of the metal objects is likely the top of a can.  Melted and burned glass were the next most common category.  Both bottle and flat glass were recovered, but the majority of the glass was melted to a point that an original form (e.g., bottle or flat) could not be determined.  Historic ceramics recovered consisted of eight blue edge whiteware plate fragments which was manufactured between 1815 to 1860.  Five rim sherds mended together, as did three of the body sherds.  Approximately 19.5 kg of brick was also weighed and discarded from the trench.

Feature 602 was situated in the west central portion of the excavation area.  This feature consisted of two debris piles and two oval depressions that have a north/south orientation.  The depressions flanked the mounds on the east and west.  The boundaries of this cluster of features were approximately 21 by 34 ft.  The smaller western debris mound had dimensions of 6 by 10 ft, and the larger debris mound measured approximately 8 by 15 ft.  The western depression measured approximately 6 by 9 ft.  Boundaries of the eastern depression were 7 by 9 ft.  A few pieces of brick were present on the ground surface.

It was believed that the depressions on the east and west sides of Feature 602 were related to the adjacent debris mounds.  Subsequently, Feature 602 was divided into eastern and western halves at the 55 ft point on  the baseline.  Excavation outside of the trench was limited to the two debris mounds.  The largest debris mound located in the eastern half of the feature received more extensive excavation.  The remaining portions of the debris mounds were removed, and the area was excavated to a depth level with the surrounding ground surface.  The northern excavation totaled approximately 5 by 9 ft.  The southern excavation consisted of an area totaling 6 by 8 ft.  A reddish soil layer was noted after the southern portion of the debris mound was removes, so an additional 3 by 6 ft area was exposed to determine if the reddish soil was indicative of a feature.

In the western debris mound of Feature 602 brick was minimal, and there was no evidence of intact structural remains.  No structural features were identified during the excavations of Feature 602.

Feature 603 consisted of the westernmost debris pile.  This debris pile was oriented northwest to southeast and had dimensions of approximately 11.5 by 6 ft.  A large hardwood tree was located adjacent to the eastern edge of the debris pile and served as a physical barrier between Feature 603 and the western depression in Feature 602

Two possible post molds were identified in the excavation trench in Feature 603.  These features were located in close proximity to one another and were oriented northwest/southeast.  To explore the possibility of other associated features, and additional 38 square feet were excavated north of the trench, and 20 square feet were excavated south of the trench.  No other features or intact structural remains were identified.

Two additional features were identified in the trench in Feature 603.  Features 604 and 605 were identified as circular stains on the surface.  The Feature 604 profile did not have clear borders and was very shallow, and it was determined that this feature was likely due to natural disturbances.  The Feature 605 profile exhibited tapering sides and the presence of taproot disturbance.  It too was determined to be natural.

 

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